June 2021 Church & State Magazine - June 2021

Colo. Private School Teacher Not A Minister, AU Argues In Federal Appeals Court

  Colo. Private School Teacher Not A Minister, AU Argues In Federal Appeals Court

An attorney with Americans Uni­ted argued in a federal appeals court May 11 on behalf of Gregg Tucker, who was fired after he tried to address pervasive racism at the private school in Colorado where he worked as a teacher and director of student life.

The U.S. District Court in Colorado in May 2020 allowed Tucker’s case, Tucker v. Faith Bible Chapel International, to proceed, refusing to grant the school’s request to declare Tucker a “minister” and dismiss the case. But the school made the unprecedented move of appealing the judge’s order, even though the case is not at a stage where it typically could be appealed.

The school wrongly argues that the court should just accept the school’s disputed contention that Tucker was a minister, and that a legal doctrine known as the “ministerial exception” applies to his employment. AU maintains that school officials are seeking to circumvent the legal process and deny Tucker his right to challenge the retaliation and discrimination he suffered.

Tucker devoted 14 years of his life to working at Faith Christian Acad­emy in Arvada, Colo. After Tucker and his wife adopted a daughter, who is Black, from the Dominican Republic, some students began to call Tucker and his family racial slurs.

Tucker was even more dismayed by the unchecked racism some students directed at their Black, Hispanic and Asian classmates. With the school administration’s support, Tucker organized an anti-racism symposium for students in January 2018. While the event was overwhelmingly well received by administrators and families, a handful of parents objected. The school eventually caved in to the pressure of those parents and stripped Tucker of some of his duties, and then it fired him.

Tucker filed a federal lawsuit in June 2019 because the school violated his civil rights by retaliating against him when he opposed the school’s racially hostile environment.

Americans United Litigation Coun­sel Bradley Girard argued the case before the 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

“Gregg Tucker’s case illustrates a frightening trend: Religious employers are urging courts to adopt an ever-broader interpretation of the ministerial exception. They want it applied not just to clergy and some private-school educators with significant religious duties, but to all employees at religious organizations,” said Girard in a media statement. “The ministerial exception was meant to ensure that houses of worship could freely choose their clergy; it was never intended to be a free pass for any religious employer to discriminate against its entire workforce and sidestep civil-rights laws.

“Gregg Tucker was not a minister; he was an exemplary teacher and student-life director,” Girard added. “Gregg was fired because he tried to combat pervasive racism at the school. The court should not allow religious freedom to be distorted as a license to discriminate and deny basic civil rights.”

In addition to Girard, Tucker’s legal team includes Americans United Vice President and Legal Director Richard B. Katskee and AU Madison Legal Fellow Adrianne Spoto. The AU team is assisted by the Denver law firm Levin Sitcoff PC attorneys Bradley A. Levin, Jeremy A. Sitcoff and Peter G. Friesen.



Americans United & the National Women’s Law Center file suit to challenge Missouri’s abortion bans.

Abortion bans violate the separation of church and state. Americans United and the National Women’s Law Center—the leading experts in religious freedom and gender justice—have joined forces with thirteen clergy from six faith traditions to challenge Missouri’s abortion bans as unconstitutionally imposing one narrow religious doctrine on everyone.

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