Toney v. Bower

Challenge to Illinois tax credit that pays for tuition and other expenses for children attending private, predominantly religious schools.

Bagley v. Raymond School Department

Opposition to parents' challenge to Maine program that allowed towns without their own public schools to pay tuition for students to attend nonreligious private schools or neighboring public schools, but not parochial schools.

Anderson v. Town of Durham

Several towns in Maine do not operate their own high schools. Instead, they pay tuition for students to attend nonreligious private schools or neighboring public schools. In the late 1990s, parents of religious-school students filed suits in state and federal court to challenge the exclusion of religious schools from the program. The courts concluded that payments to such schools would violate the Establishment Clause. Read more

Salazar v. Buono

In 1934, members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars put a Latin cross atop a roadside rocky outcropping on federal land in the Mojave National Preserve. That cross and several replacements were destroyed; each time, a private party replaced it. In 1999, the National Park Service refused a request to place a Buddhist stupa near the cross. After the ACLU threatened litigation and the Park Service decided to remove the cross, Congress prohibited use of federal funds to remove the cross.  Read more

Trunk v. City of San Diego

In 1952, the City of San Diego authorized the Mt. Soledad Memorial Association to build a 43-foot-tall Latin cross on top of Mt. Soledad in La Jolla, California. In 1989, two Vietnam veterans from San Diego sued the City in federal court, claiming that the display of the cross on City property violated the United States and California constitutions. In 1991, the trial court ruled that the cross violated the California Constitution and ordered that the cross be removed from City property; the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld the decision. Read more

Green v. Board of County Commissioners

Challenge to eight-foot-tall monument with the Ten Commandments engraved on one side that was erected on the Haskell County courthouse lawn in Stigler, Oklahoma.

American Atheists, Inc. v. Duncan

Challenge to Utah policy of allowing the Utah Highway Patrol Association to erect twelve-foot-tall Latin crosses on state-owned land to memorialize and honor state troopers who have died in the line of duty.

Nurre v. Whitehead

Challenge by Washington high-school senior to school's rejection of decision by students in wind ensemble to play Ave Maria at graduation because of the song’s religious nature.

Roark v. South Iron R-1 School District

Challenge to practice of South Iron R-1 School District in Missouri of allowing the Gideons to visit fifth-grade classrooms to distribute Bibles to students during class time.

Croft v. Perry

In 2003, the Texas legislature amended the Texas Education Code, taking a previously optional moment of silence and making it mandatory. The legislature also changed the designated list of options: previously a student could "reflect or meditate"; after the amendment, students could "reflect, pray, meditate, or engage in any other silent activity that is not likely to interfere with or distract another student." Read more

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