Zelman v. Simmons-Harris

Challenge to Ohio voucher program that authorized payment of tuition costs for children in Cleveland to attend private schools, including sectarian schools.

Wirzburger v. Galvin

Opposition to challenge to provisions in the Massachusetts Constitution that prohibit amending the Constitution's "Anti-Aid Amendment," which bars any public financial support for private schools.

Toney v. Bower

Challenge to Illinois tax credit that pays for tuition and other expenses for children attending private, predominantly religious schools.

Strout v. State of Maine

Opposition to parents' challenge to Maine program that allowed school districts without their own public high schools to pay tuition for students to attend nearby public and nonsectarian private schools, but not religious schools.

Simmons-Harris v. Goff

Challenge to Ohio voucher program that provided state monies for low-income children to attend parochial and sectarian schools.

Anderson v. Town of Durham

Several towns in Maine do not operate their own high schools. Instead, they pay tuition for students to attend nonreligious private schools or neighboring public schools. In the late 1990s, parents of religious-school students filed suits in state and federal court to challenge the exclusion of religious schools from the program. The courts concluded that payments to such schools would violate the Establishment Clause. Read more

Salazar v. Buono

In 1934, members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars put a Latin cross atop a roadside rocky outcropping on federal land in the Mojave National Preserve. That cross and several replacements were destroyed; each time, a private party replaced it. In 1999, the National Park Service refused a request to place a Buddhist stupa near the cross. After the ACLU threatened litigation and the Park Service decided to remove the cross, Congress prohibited use of federal funds to remove the cross.  Read more

University of the Cumberlands v. Pennybacker

Challenge to $10 million appropriation by the Kentucky General Assembly for construction of a pharmacy-school building on the campus of the religious institution University of the Cumberlands.

Trunk v. City of San Diego

In 1952, the City of San Diego authorized the Mt. Soledad Memorial Association to build a 43-foot-tall Latin cross on top of Mt. Soledad in La Jolla, California. In 1989, two Vietnam veterans from San Diego sued the City in federal court, claiming that the display of the cross on City property violated the United States and California constitutions. In 1991, the trial court ruled that the cross violated the California Constitution and ordered that the cross be removed from City property; the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld the decision. Read more

Green v. Board of County Commissioners

Challenge to eight-foot-tall monument with the Ten Commandments engraved on one side that was erected on the Haskell County courthouse lawn in Stigler, Oklahoma.

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