Salazar v. Buono

In 1934, members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars put a Latin cross atop a roadside rocky outcropping on federal land in the Mojave National Preserve. That cross and several replacements were destroyed; each time, a private party replaced it. In 1999, the National Park Service refused a request to place a Buddhist stupa near the cross. After the ACLU threatened litigation and the Park Service decided to remove the cross, Congress prohibited use of federal funds to remove the cross.  Read more

University of the Cumberlands v. Pennybacker

Challenge to $10 million appropriation by the Kentucky General Assembly for construction of a pharmacy-school building on the campus of the religious institution University of the Cumberlands.

Green v. Board of County Commissioners

Challenge to eight-foot-tall monument with the Ten Commandments engraved on one side that was erected on the Haskell County courthouse lawn in Stigler, Oklahoma.

American Atheists, Inc. v. Duncan

Challenge to Utah policy of allowing the Utah Highway Patrol Association to erect twelve-foot-tall Latin crosses on state-owned land to memorialize and honor state troopers who have died in the line of duty.

Nurre v. Whitehead

Challenge by Washington high-school senior to school's rejection of decision by students in wind ensemble to play Ave Maria at graduation because of the song’s religious nature.

Roark v. South Iron R-1 School District

Challenge to practice of South Iron R-1 School District in Missouri of allowing the Gideons to visit fifth-grade classrooms to distribute Bibles to students during class time.

Croft v. Perry

In 2003, the Texas legislature amended the Texas Education Code, taking a previously optional moment of silence and making it mandatory. The legislature also changed the designated list of options: previously a student could "reflect or meditate"; after the amendment, students could "reflect, pray, meditate, or engage in any other silent activity that is not likely to interfere with or distract another student." Read more

Busch v. Marple Newtown School District

A Pennsylvania public school invited kindergarten parents to visit the classroom and share a talent, game, craft, or story with the class. A parent named Donna Busch wanted to read a Bible passage to the kindergarten students; the school denied her request.

Busch then sued in federal court, alleging that the school violated her First Amendment by prohibiting her from reading the Bible to the kindergarten class. After the trial court dismissed her lawsuit, Busch appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.   Read more

Borden v. School District of the Township of East Brunswick

For years, East Brunswick High School football coach Marcus Borden led his team in prayers before games. After school district officials instructed him to stop doing so, he filed a lawsuit against the school district in federal court in New Jersey. He stopped leading the prayers, but he instructed the team captains to set up a voting system for the team prayer and joined in the players' prayers. Read more

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