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St. Peter's Healthcare System v. Kaplan

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) regulates employee-benefit plans to protect the interests of employees who participate in the plans. To avoid undue governmental intrusion in church affairs, the Act provides an exemption for plans established by churches. Some non-church entities have begun to claim this exemption.

Hassan v. City of New York

In the months following the September 11 attacks, the New York City Police Department began a surveillance program targeting Muslim communities in New York City and the surrounding areas. The surveillance extended to Muslims in New Jersey, and included surveillance of mosques, private schools, Muslim-owned business establishments, and at least one Muslim student group.

Tenafly Eruv Association v. Borough of Tenafly

Challenge to decision by New Jersey borough to disallow the erection of an eruv (a symbolic "fence" used by Orthodox Jews) on the borough's telephone poles.

Modrovich v. Allegheny County

Challenge to the display of a Ten Commandments plaque on the facade of the county courthouse in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

C.H. v. Oliva

Opposition to challenge to New Jersey teacher's decision to bar a first-grade student from reading a Bible story to his classmates.

Busch v. Marple Newtown School District

A Pennsylvania public school invited kindergarten parents to visit the classroom and share a talent, game, craft, or story with the class. A parent named Donna Busch wanted to read a Bible passage to the kindergarten students; the school denied her request.

Busch then sued in federal court, alleging that the school violated her First Amendment by prohibiting her from reading the Bible to the kindergarten class. After the trial court dismissed her lawsuit, Busch appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.  

Borden v. School District of the Township of East Brunswick

For years, East Brunswick High School football coach Marcus Borden led his team in prayers before games. After school district officials instructed him to stop doing so, he filed a lawsuit against the school district in federal court in New Jersey. He stopped leading the prayers, but he instructed the team captains to set up a voting system for the team prayer and joined in the players' prayers.