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Rollins v. Dignity Health

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) regulates employee-benefit plans to protect the interests of employees who participate in these plans. To avoid undue governmental intrusion in church affairs, the Act provides an exemption for plans established by churches. Some non-church entities have begun to claim this exemption.

Latta v. Otter

In 2006, Idaho amended its state constitution to specify that “[a] marriage between a man and a woman is the only domestic legal union that shall be valid or recognized in this state.” In hearings before the state legislature, proponents of the ban urged its placement on the ballot because “marriage is God given” and “[n]ormalcy is a man and a woman; God made us that way.” The campaign urging the ban’s adoption was similarly religious in nature.
In 2013, four same-sex couples challenged Idaho’s marriage ban in federal court.

Sevcik v. Sandoval / Jackson v. Abercrombie

In 1998, Hawaii amended its state constitution to allow the state legislature to ban same-sex marriage. Four years later, Nevada adopted a similar constitutional amendment, forbidding any government official in the state from recognizing same-sex marriage. Both amendments were challenged under the Constitution’s Equal Protection Clause by same-sex couples, in lawsuits filed in 2011 and 2012, respectively. The trial court in each case rejected the challenge, and the couples appealed. Their cases were consolidated before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Barnes-Wallace v. City of San Diego and Boy Scouts of America

The City of San Diego leases large parcels of prime parkland to the Boy Scouts of America at nominal rates. The Boy Scouts discriminate in membership and employment against atheists and agnostics by requiring scouts and leaders to profess a belief in God. A federal trial court held that the leases were unconstitutional because the Boy Scouts are a religious organization and San Diego’s leasing process was not neutral. The Boy Scouts appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Perry v. Brown

This case involves the constitutionality of Proposition 8 (otherwise known as the "California Marriage Protection Act"), a referendum that amended the California Constitution to provide that legal marriages can only be between a man and a woman. After a federal trial, the district court ruled that Proposition 8 violates the U.S.

McCollum v. California

Challenge to California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation's refusal to allow a Wiccan clergyman to serve as volunteer chaplain in prisons because he is not Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim, or Native American.

Johnson v. Poway Unified School District

A California public high-school teacher displayed large banners in his classroom with the following text: "IN GOD WE TRUST," "ONE NATION UNDER GOD," "GOD BLESS AMERICA," "GOD SHED HIS GRACE ON THEE," and "All Men Are Created Equal They Are Endowed By Their CREATOR." After the teacher refused to provide those with greater historical context so as to avoid promoting religion, the school district instructed the teacher to remove the banners altogether. 

Thomas v. Anchorage Equal Rights Commission

Opposition to challenge to Alaska law prohibiting discrimination against unmarried tenants on the basis of a landlord's religious beliefs.

Card v. City of Everett

Challenge to placement of a Ten Commandments monument in front of a Washington State city hall building.