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Lund v. Rowan County

The Rowan County Board of Commissioners opens its public meetings with an invocation given by one of the Commissioners. Ninety-seven percent of these invocations are explicitly Christian, and Commissioners direct the audience to participate in the prayers. The Commissioners have made statements suggesting that the County views non-Christian beliefs with disfavor, and they have created an atmosphere that led to the harassment of religious minorities at Board meetings.

Bostic v. Schaefer

In 2006, Virginia amended its state constitution to limit the legal definition of marriage to that between a man and a woman, and also prohibited the creation or recognition of civil unions short of marriage. Support for the amendment came primarily from religious groups, and its supporters couched their arguments in religious terms. In July 2013, two same-sex couples challenged Virginia’s marriage ban. The federal trial court ruled in their favor, and the state appealed to the U.S.

Turner v. Fredericksburg

Opposition to challenge by Virgnia city council member to council's decision requiring that prayers given at beginning of council meetings be nonsectarian.

Wynne v. Town of Great Falls

Challenge to practice of town council members in South Carolina of presenting sectarian prayers before meetings.

Mellen v. Bunting

Challenge to Virginia Military Institute's policy of holding mandatory daily prayer before dinner.

Columbia Union College v. Oliver

Opposition to Columbia Union College's challenge to decision by Maryland Higher Education Commission to disallow it from participating in state grant program because the college was pervasively sectarian.

Turner v. Fredericksburg

Challenge by member of Fredericksburg City Council, in Virginia, to Council policy requiring prayer at beginning of meetings to be nonsectarian, on the ground that the policy violated his First Amendment and equal-protection rights.

Joyner v. Forsyth County

For years, the Forsyth County Board of Supervisors invited local clergy to deliver sectarian prayers at Board meetings; most of the prayers were Christian. In March 2007, the plaintiffs Americans United and the ACLU of North Carolina challenged the Board’s prayer policy in federal court. In January 2010, the trial court ruled that the prayer policy was unconstitutional and had the effect of affiliating the County with Christianity.