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Salazar v. Buono

In 1934, members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars put a Latin cross atop a roadside rocky outcropping on federal land in the Mojave National Preserve. That cross and several replacements were destroyed; each time, a private party replaced it. In 1999, the National Park Service refused a request to place a Buddhist stupa near the cross. After the ACLU threatened litigation and the Park Service decided to remove the cross, Congress prohibited use of federal funds to remove the cross. 

Christian Legal Society v. Martinez

The Christian Legal Society challenged the University of California Hastings College of Law’s nondiscrimination policy, which prohibits official recognition of student organizations that discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, ancestry, disability, age, sex, or sexual orientation. CLS sought Hastings’s official recognition, which would have allowed the group to receive school funding and to use the school’s name and facilities.

Croft v. Perry

In 2003, the Texas legislature amended the Texas Education Code, taking a previously optional moment of silence and making it mandatory. The legislature also changed the designated list of options: previously a student could "reflect or meditate"; after the amendment, students could "reflect, pray, meditate, or engage in any other silent activity that is not likely to interfere with or distract another student."

Summers v. Adams

Challenge to South Carolina legislation creating a Christian-themed state license plate, bearing a large cross superimposed on a stained-glass window and the words “I Believe.”

Summum v. Pleasant Grove City

Challenge to a municipality's decision not to allow members of the Summum religion to erect a monument in a public park.

Strauss v. Horton

Challenge to Proposition 8, which purported to add to the California Constitution a provision stating that "Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California."

Truth v. Kent School District

Challenge by Truth, a religious student club, to policy of Kent School District in Washington of prohibiting student clubs from receiving school recognition or funding if they discriminate on various grounds, including religion.

Joyner v. Forsyth County

For years, the Forsyth County Board of Supervisors invited local clergy to deliver sectarian prayers at Board meetings; most of the prayers were Christian. In March 2007, the plaintiffs Americans United and the ACLU of North Carolina challenged the Board’s prayer policy in federal court. In January 2010, the trial court ruled that the prayer policy was unconstitutional and had the effect of affiliating the County with Christianity.

Bowman v. United States

In 1992, Congress established a Program to Encourage Public and Community Service for former military personnel. Under this program, former military personnel can earn credit toward their retirement by working at public- or community-service organizations. The credits enable the former members of the military to receive larger pension payments when they retire. 

Green v. Board of County Commissioners

Challenge to eight-foot-tall monument with the Ten Commandments engraved on one side that was erected on the Haskell County courthouse lawn in Stigler, Oklahoma.

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